Mozart - Bassoon Concerto in B Flat Major, K. 191 - I. Allegro
The Bassoon Concerto in B flat major, K. 191/186e, written in 1774, is the most often performed and studied piece in the entire bassoon repertory. Nearly all professional bassoonists will perform the piece at some stage in their career, and it is probably the most commonly requested piece in orchestral auditions – it is usually requested that the player perform the excerpts from concerto's first two movements in every audition. Although the autograph score is lost, the exact date of its completion is 4 June 1774. Mozart wrote this (his first concerto for a wind instrument) when he was 18. Scholars believe that Mozart wrote perhaps three bassoon concerti, but that only the first has survived. The concerto calls for a solo bassoon and an orchestra consisting of 2 oboes, 2 horns in Bb, violin I/II, viola, and cello and double bass. The second movement contains a theme which was later featured in the Countess's aria "Porgi, Amor" at the beginning of the second act of Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro.
Born: 27th January 1756
Died: 5th December 1791
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptised Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) was an influential composer of the Classical era, who showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, though he later moved to Vienna, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of his death. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular composers, and his influence on subsequent Western music is profound; Beethoven composed his own early works in the shadow of Mozart, and Haydn wrote that "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years."
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Music: Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major, K. 191 (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
Performers: Skidmore College Orchestra
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